Study reveals how gene control mechanisms determine the identity of neurons in the embryonic brainstem. A failure in differentiation in developing brainstem neurons can lead to behavioral abnormalities, including ADHD.
Study reveals a new role for serotonin in the development of the human neocortex. Serotonin acts cell-extrinsically as a growth factor for basal progenitors in the developing neocortex. Researchers report placenta-driven serotonin likely contributed to…
Herpes virus simplex type 1 infection can spread to the fetal brain during pregnancy, resulting in an increased risk of neurodevelopmental disabilities and neurological deficits.
Genetic variants of ROBO1 in young children are associated with gray matter volume in the right parietal cortex. This, in turn, predicts mathematical tests scored by second grade.
A distinct DNA methylation signature has been discovered in cord blood of children who are later diagnosed with autism. The findings could provide a new biomarker for early detection and intervention for ASD.
Neuroimaging newborns reveals the human brain is born “prewired” to be receptive to words and language.
Maternal hyperthyroidism may contribute to an increased risk of ADHD in their offspring.
Brain regions associated with emotional processing are not functionally connected in a mature way to areas associated with auditory and visual processing in newborns.
Girls who are abused in early life have higher levels of inflammation than boys who are maltreated and other children who did not experience abuse.
Neuroimaging reveals the higher density of cells in the nucleus accumbens is associated with a larger waist circumference in children.