Study reveals a new role for serotonin in the development of the human neocortex. Serotonin acts cell-extrinsically as a growth factor for basal progenitors in the developing neocortex. Researchers report placenta-driven serotonin likely contributed to…
Herpes virus simplex type 1 infection can spread to the fetal brain during pregnancy, resulting in an increased risk of neurodevelopmental disabilities and neurological deficits.
A distinct DNA methylation signature has been discovered in cord blood of children who are later diagnosed with autism. The findings could provide a new biomarker for early detection and intervention for ASD.
Neuroimaging newborns reveals the human brain is born “prewired” to be receptive to words and language.
Maternal hyperthyroidism may contribute to an increased risk of ADHD in their offspring.
Brain regions associated with emotional processing are not functionally connected in a mature way to areas associated with auditory and visual processing in newborns.
Girls who are abused in early life have higher levels of inflammation than boys who are maltreated and other children who did not experience abuse.
Women, especially minority women, from states with more restrictive reproductive rights have a greater risk of delivering a low-weight baby and face more health disparities than women who reside in states with fewer restrictions on reproductive rights.
Low-level exposure to lead during development does not lead to alcohol use disorder, but does alter the neural circuits in a way that if addiction occurs, it makes it harder to refrain from returning to addiction related behaviors.
The effects on health, language development, emotional well-being, and social behavior associated with poverty can be seen in children as young as five years of age.